Let’s hit the nail on the head; the most important thing you need to know before building a professional skin care routine that is uniquely yours, is your skin type. A lot of time we tend to gloss over this fact because, well, doesn’t all skin look the same, racial differences aside?
Well No. There are at least 4 major types of skin, demanding starkly different approaches to professional skin care. They are Normal/Combo Skin, Dry Skin, Oily Skin, and Sensitive Skin. Knowledge of your skin type should guide your choice of skin care products. People with oily skin have very active sebaceous glands, making the skin appear shinier and making them prone to acne outbreaks. Someone with this skin type wouldn’t be advised to use oil-based skin care products. This is why I said in the beginning that your skin type should be based on your skin type. Generally, skin types are determined by the natural balance of water and oil in the skin. That’s why I’ll be sharing tips on how to identify your skin type and some basic skin care advice, based on this.


People with oily skin have more oil in their skin than water. It makes the skin appear shiny and feel greasy. This skin type more prone to acne outbreaks. If not well taken care of, skin pores can easily get clogged and enlarged by layers of oil, allowing dead skin cells to accumulate. People with this skin type should look out for skin care products that are oil-free or labelled ‘noncomedogenic’, and have ingredients that designed to rebalance the level of oil in the skin compared to water. You should also avoid alcohol-based cleansers no matter how tempting it might be, with the promise that removing the excess oil. Actually, they lead to an increase in bumps and enlarged pores. People with this skin type should have a professional skin care routine that involves washing the face every morning, evening, and after exercise with a gentle, foaming face wash. You might also want to consider cutting back on foods high in fats, sugars, and unhealthy oils, replacing them with healthy fruits and vegetables.


Dry skin is characterized by a lack of water in the skin. Like the name implies, this type of skin looks dry most of the time. It can also feel itchy, look flaky and even have fine lines. People with this skin type get dehydrated a short while cleansing, making them want to reach for the nearest moisturizer If this is your skin type, you should look out for skin care products that are water-based and add moisture to the skin. In making your choice of moisturizer, look out in-between brands when it comes to density. A watery moisturizer won’t keep in the moisture and a heavy moisturizer will make it harder for your skin to shed dead skin cells. You should also exfoliate regularly to remove the dead skin cells that make your skin look flaky.


Strange as it may sound, it is possible to have skin that is both oily and dry. How, you might ask? Some parts of the body will have dry skin, while other parts will have oily skin. This skin type has the right balance of oil and water. People with this skin type often experience dryness on the cheeks, while other parts of the face might be oily. People with this skin type can either go for skin care products that are made for combination skin or use different skin types for different parts of the body. Exfoliation should also be a key part of the skin care routine for anyone with this skin type to maintain the balance between the different levels of water and oil on the face.
With this skin type, your professional skin care routine should involve the use of gentle facial cleansers wipe off the impurities, excess oils and dirt that accumulates over the surface of your skin as you go about your daily activities. Ensure that you touch your face as little as possible. Your hand has been to places that you would never put your face in, so don’t introduce the germs on your hands to your face. A combination skin means that you’re prone to having disparate complexion on your face, due to different levels of oil production. To ensure that it stays even, you should use face masks often.


Some of the signs that you have sensitive skin are the tendency of getting redness or flushing, sudden outbreak of rashes, burning or stinging feeling, dry or flaky patches, itchy skin, occasional swelling or tenderness, sensitivity to sunlight, and exposure to the smell of fragrance or perfume can make your eyes tear or cause irritation.
To take care of this kind of skin, your professional skin care routine should include showers with warm water, not hot water. You should also avoid harsh astringents and exfoliants in favour of soaps and detergents that are fragrance free. You should also avoid use of perfumes, in favour of essential oil and limit your time in the sun. Avoid foaming cleansers in favour of moisturizers.


Generally, for all skin types, one key element that should be a part of your professional skin care routine is the use of moisturizers. There’s no skipping this part. Regular moisturizing doesn’t just make you feel great, it also ensures that your skin is wrinkle-free and smooth as the years go by. You might not know, but moisturizing reduces your risk to skin cancer as it helps renew the skin in the most sensitive parts of the body – the face, ears, neck, and chest – which are also the most vulnerable to developing cancerous cells.
So, when you decide to develop a professional skin care routine, don’t neglect moisturizing and your skin type.